[Fixed]-Django select related in raw request


A solution with prefetch_related (this means that two queries will be made, 1 for the cities and 1 for the countries) taken from django-users which is not part of the public API but is working on Django 1.7

from django.db.models.query import prefetch_related_objects
#raw querysets do not have len()
#thats why we need to evaluate them to list
cities = list(City.objects.raw("select * from city inner join country on city.country_id = country.id where name = 'london'"))
prefetch_related_objects(cities, ['country'])


Now in Django 1.10 prefetch_related_objects is part of the public API.



Not sure if you still need this, but I solved it starting with Alasdair’s answer. You want to use the info from the query to build the model or it’ll still fire additional queries when you try to access the foreign key field. So in your case, you’d want:

    cities = list(City.objects.raw("""
            city.*, country.name as countryName
            cities INNER JOIN country ON city.country_id = country.id
            city.name = 'LONDON"""))
    for city in cities:
        city.country = Country(name=city.countryName)

The line that assigns the country doesn’t hit the database, it’s just creating a model. Then after that, when you access city.country it won’t fire another database query.



I’m not sure if you can do this. As an alternative, you can select individual fields from the country table and access them on each instance.

cities = City.objects.raw("select city.*, name as country_name from city inner join country on city.country_id = country.id where name = 'london'")

city = cities[0]
# this will not hit the database again

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