[Solved]-Nested Serializer not showing up

33👍

image = ImageSerializer(many=True, read_only=True, source='image_set')

or

image_set = ImageSerializer(many=True, read_only=True)  # use image_set in fields list too.

Let’s say you have a Gallery object similar to this:

g = Gallery.objects.get(pk=1)

Now the queryset for all the images related the given Galley object will be:

Image.objects.filter(gallery_id=g)  # g is the gallery object

In Django we can simplify it as:

g.image_set  # same as Image.objects.filter(gallery_id=g)

Now the thing is where does this magical image_set comes from. In Django ORM if you can use related_name in model’s ForeignKey to query related objects, like this:

gallery_id = models.ForeignKey(Gallery, on_delete=models.CASCADE, related_name='something')
# if you do this in your models.py then to get all images of a gallery you will now do:
g.something

But since you didn’t specified related_name in the ForeginKey it defaults to model name all lowercase + _set, therefore in this case: image_set.
Here is a link to docs.

If you specify two ForeignKey to same model from a model django will ask you to add related_name too (when making migrations), as it can default related name for one fields only.

This is called reverse_relationship. forward_relationship will be when you do something like this:

img = Image.objects.get(pk=1)
img.gallery_id  # get the gallery object related to the image

This is quite straightforward as gallery_id is a field in your model.


Also side note don’t name your ForeignKey fields with a trailing _id, it’s misleading. img.gallery_id is not the id of the Gallery it’s the whole Gallery object. Django saves Related fields with a trailing id in the database, so in your case the column name in your database will be gallery_id_id (most likely, might have been changed in newer version).
When querying if your field name is gallery_id:

img.gallery_id  # the gallery object
img.gallery_id.id  # actual id of the gallery
img.gallery_id_id  # actual id of the gallery

But if you name your field just gallery:

img.gallery  # the gallery object
img.gallery.id  # actual id of the gallery
img.gallery_id  # actual id of the gallery

Which is a lot more clear.


So now you know why image_set is an attribute of your model class. And drf looks for model attributes in field names, so you either have your field name same the attribute(image_set) or specify the attribute using the source argument of the serializer.

5👍

For things to work, you need to specify where Serializer should take data, using source keyword

In your case, this should do the trick.

class GallerySerializer(serializers.HyperlinkedModelSerializer):
    image = ImageSerializer(source="image_set", many=True, read_only=True)

    def validate(self, data):
        # Check if user id is equal object id before creation or if SuperUser
        request = self.context.get("request")
        if request.user.id != data["author"].id and request.user.is_superuser is not True:
            raise ValidationError("Unauthorized User Post")
        return data

    class Meta:
        model = Gallery
        fields = ["title", "author", "created_on", "modified_on", "image", "id"]

In the case where you used “related_name” in your FK declaration, you should use this reverse related name.

As you expected many Image instance, I strongly suggest you name your field images instead of image

I also suggest you have a look on permission instead of using getting your logic into your Serializers.

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